## RED SHIFT, ENERGY, AND POWER

## Updated March 22, 2014.

h = Planck's constant

f = frequency

t = time (one second)

n = integer (for number of events)When it was decided that hf equals energy, there was one thing that was wrong. The true energy is h, Planck's constant for one wave passage of light. Therefore, it is hn, where n is the number of passages of waves in one second, that is energy. However, the real Planck's constant has "1/t" included within it. This was not known because "t" is one second and in equations, "one" is essentially invisible. By using hf as energy, a time division has been established, making hf actually power. By definition, power is energy divided by time. So:

1. Planck's constant, h, is energy and hn is energy.

2. Frequency, f, equals n/t.

3. Therefore the quantity hf is hn/t which is power.

4. Red shift is actually a lengthening of the distance between passages of light half-waves.

5. This lengthening means that light waves arrive more slowly at destination but each wave still has the same energy.

6. Therefore, the same energy ultimately arrives, but more slowly - so the energy is not lost, but the power is reduced.

7. Energy is conserved because it did not leave - it just took longer to arrive.

Legendc = speed of light

t = time which is one second

n = number of passages of a light wave

f = n/t = frequency

m

_{e}t_{s}= nether mass being accelerated during the passage of one light half-wavea = 2c/t

_{s}= acceleration of nether during the passage of one light half-wavet

_{s}= time that nether mass is accelerated during the passage of one light half-waved = ct

_{s}/2 = distance nether mass is accelerated during the passage of one light half-waveh = Planck's constant = the energy in the passage of one light wave

h/2 = the energy in the passage of one light half-wave

Derivationsh/2 = mad from the equation for kinetic energy

h/2 = (m

_{e}t_{s})(2c/t_{s})(ct_{s}/2) substitutionh/2 = (m

_{e}t_{s})(2c)(c/2) simplifyingh = 2(m

_{e}t_{s})c^{2}Multiplying both sides by 2hn = amount of energy in n passages of a light wave

hf = h(n/t) = power delivered in one second

hf/c = 2(m

_{e}t_{s})c = Compton's momentumClick on Planck's Constant for more details.

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